Academic Branches Of Government (Political Science)

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Branches of government are like the fields, subfields or categories under which the subject, political science can be studied. Government or political science can be defined from three perspective, these perspective include: government as an institution, government as a process or art of governing and government as an academic field of study.

In this post, we will look at political science as a field of study and the various branches of political science. Political Science is also called government, commonly referred to such in some counties, lower or intermediate level of education.

Government or political science is an academic field of study that involves the study of institutions in the state, ideas, values and doctrines that aims at realizing the goals and aspiration of the people.

Academic branches of Political Science / Government

Academic branches of government
As an academic subject, government is studied under different names in different universities and other institutions of higher learning.

Thus, government may be studied as:
1 Public Administration;
2 International Relations;
3 Comparative Politics;
4 Political Theory or
5 National Politics.
6 Political Economy

Public Administration


Public administration is a branch of political science that focuses attention on the methods and techniques used by government functionaries in the management of state affairs.

International relations

As the name implies, this subject deals with relationship between nations as well as the environment within which these relationship are maintained. This branch of government or political science involves international organisations, international law, diplomacy, international economics, and foreign policy

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Comparative politics / government

Another branch of government or political science is comparative politics. The subject deals on the comparison of different governments in order to discover cross-cultural similarities and differences that may exist between them. Students of comparative politics learn about Western European nations, the communist nations, the developing nations and other nations. Thus, they’re able to infer similarities and differences that may exist between them.

Political theory

This branch is concerned with philosophical explanations which relate to the origin, form, behaviour and purposes of human organisations. Some of the doctrines studied here are based on speculations while others are based on empirical observations of political life.

National politics

This subject focuses on the organisation of a specific government. National politics teaches students about their own country under such topics as the legislature, the executive, the courts, the constitution, political parties, elections, political awareness, etc.

Political Economy

This branch of political science is concerned with how the fiscal and monetary policies of country are affected or influenced by the political landscape. Politics and economy are somewhat inseparable, neither can be studied in isolation. According to Karl Marx, the economy of a nation is the substratum of all other sectors of the country. The economy shapes and defined the structure and workings of the political system.

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By having knowledge of these academic branches of government, scholars and students acquire a multifaceted understanding of political systems, governance practices, international dynamics, and the interplay between politics and economics or other aspects of the local or global system. This comprehensive knowledge base equips individuals with the tools to analyze, interpret, and contribute to the complex world of politics.

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